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7 Things To Take Note On Business Accounting

Business accounting is very important for every firm intending to make profit. All businesses have a responsibility to ensure their financial statements are up to date not only for the purposes of reporting, but to also streamline operations, expenditure and budgets. Accounting often entails collection and gathering of information, recording, analyzing, reporting and presentation as well as interpretation. While most companies have accountants to handle this requirement of a business, the trend has been to outsource experienced personnel from outside firms. This has various advantages although keen consideration should be taken when outsourcing financial audit companies. There are a number of factors to take note of when dealing with business accounts. The 7 most important ones are described below.

Business Accounting

1. Business transactions and recording


Monitoring business transactions and ensuring all of them are accurately and correctly recorded is the basis of financial accounting. In an accounting cycle, the first step is collection of all business transactions. While not all transactions are to be recorded, it is important to have all transactions reflected somewhere in the business files for that period of time. Recording is done for the purposes of analysis. From recorded transactions, the business can quickly identify which accounts are affected by these new figures. Records are made to a journal that can be paper or electronic. In accounting systems, recording is based on double entry which features a debit and credit account. There are those special journals used in recording frequent transactions such as purchases, sales and cash receipts while a general journal contains other elements not of special journals. Since transactions are chronologically recorded according to when they are made, these journals are often referred to as books of original entry.

2. Ledger and trial balances


The ledger is of ultimate significance in any business accounting system. This is the final representation of all credits and debits made from all recorded transactions. It reflects how previous transactions alter the existing account status and its balances. Postings to ledger must be accurately done based on all transactions recorded in the journal. Since the ledger shows final balances, it is used to determine ending figures for each account in the book and helps in future planning. Trial balances are simply made to test equality of credits and debits. To prepare this statement, extracts from the ledger are compared and all debits and credits are also included. Usually, the total debits and credits ought to balance out. Correction methods are used to identify discrepancies and reverse their effects to balance all debits and credits.

3. Adjustments to statements


There are various adjustments made on financial reports and books to ensure all transactions are correctly recorded and balanced. Before financial statements are prepared, accountants check for any entries that may have not been updated and incurred expenses that are yet to be recorded. Adjustment entries are usually for the purposes of updating the books and are done on accrual of income, of expenses, prepayments, deferrals, allowances and depreciation. After entering adjustment entries, another trial balance can be prepared before final preparation of the financial statement.

7 Things To Take Note On Business Accounting

4. The financial statement


This is the final product of an accounting cycle. It is prepared only after all accounts have been updated and equality of credits and debits tested. A typical financial statement comprises statement of comprehensive income, changes of equity, financial position (balance sheet), cash flows and notes made on the statement. This is usually a report that is analyzed and interpreted at the end of a financial period. After this statement, there are limited entries that can be made. Some of them include closing entries and temporary accounts. Notes to the statement are required to aid evaluation of the business condition and performance.

5. Non-financial information and financial ratios


Most of the conventional statements used in business accounting are based on cash transactions and financial entities that can be balanced in balance sheets and ledgers. However, businesses must take notes on the non-financial statements. This includes information regarding market forces, state of economy, quality of workforce and management, competitive considerations and the industry. While these insights are not directly recorded in the financial statements, they are of prime relevance to accounting of any business. Financial absolute figures may mean quite a little for investors who rely on relationships when analyzing a company’s information. These values must therefore be transformed to ratios. However, ratios and indicators are viewed over a lengthy period of time to identify trends.

6. Accounts auditing and audit firms

Modern businesses have grown to prefer external audits from third party companies. Effectively auditing business statements can be overwhelming for small enterprises. Hiring separate firms to handle preparation of statements and conduct audits can be quite relieving. However, not all audit firms will guarantee the right service required for your firm. It is important to compare existing auditors and make sure they are professionals whose previous work can be evaluated. Customer testimonials, comments and ranking sites are all sources of verifiable information about the level of service quality a particular company offers.

7. Timeframes, accuracy and credibility


Accounting is a fundamental drive required for any business to manage operations and track implementations of budgets. All information recorded in accounting statements must be accurate and precise for that period of time. Accounts are often analyzed quarterly or yearly although businesses can choose their own cycles. It is important to hire credible companies to handle auditing especially since prudent investors only consider businesses with properly audited financial statements. Accounting reports must be clear and easy to interpret for all involved stakeholders. The accounting cycle should be procedurally followed and all necessary adjustments must be done in due time to ensure decision makers are in constant awareness of where their business stands.

Conclusion


There are various things to take note of when addressing business accounting. Emphasis should be made on following universally accepted standards in statement preparation and accurate recordings for all transactions made. Ensure any company chosen to handle auditing, payrolls and other accounting services are experts in the field and can guarantee high quality experiences. The above-mentioned elements comprise seven most important things to note about accounting in business.
 
 

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